Highlighted Dates

National Parmigiano Reggiano Day

Date Pattern: Every October 27th

National Parmigiano Reggiano Day: Celebrating the Beloved CheeseParmigiano Reggiano, also known as the king of cheeses, holds a special place in the hearts of cheese connoisseurs around the world. Its unique flavor and fine texture are the result of a centuries-old tradition that continues to be upheld in the region of Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

In honor of this legendary cheese, National Parmigiano Reggiano Day was established to celebrate its excellence and share its story with the world. In this article, we will dive into the origins and significance of this annual celebration, as well as explore the production process and cultural importance of Parmigiano Reggiano.

Origins and significance of National Parmigiano Reggiano Day

History and Tradition:

– Parmigiano Reggiano traces its roots back to the Middle Ages, with records of its production dating as far back as the 13th century. – The cheese was initially made by monks in monasteries, who recognized its nutritional value and ability to be stored for long periods.

– Over the centuries, Parmigiano Reggiano became an integral part of Italian cuisine and culture, earning a reputation for its exceptional quality and taste. Celebrating a Beloved Cheese:

– National Parmigiano Reggiano Day was established as a way to honor this beloved cheese and showcase its rich history and flavors.

– On this day, cheese enthusiasts and food lovers alike come together to appreciate the craftsmanship and dedication that goes into producing Parmigiano Reggiano. – Special events, tastings, and promotions are organized to bring attention to this fine cheese and its contribution to Italian gastronomy.

Creation of National Parmigiano Reggiano Day

Natural Disasters and Resilience:

– The idea of dedicating a day to Parmigiano Reggiano gained momentum in 2012 following two devastating earthquakes in the Emilia-Romagna region. – These earthquakes not only caused significant damage to the land and infrastructure but also put the livelihoods of local cheese producers at risk.

– Recognizing the importance of supporting these producers and raising awareness about their struggles, a movement was sparked to create a national day for Parmigiano Reggiano. The Influence of Massimo Bottura:

– Massimo Bottura, an acclaimed Italian chef and champion of Italian cuisine, played a significant role in establishing National Parmigiano Reggiano Day.

– Bottura, himself a native of Emilia-Romagna, understood the impact the earthquakes had on the region’s cheese industry and wanted to show his support. – He used his social media following to promote the idea of a dedicated day for Parmigiano Reggiano and encouraged people to share their favorite recipes and experiences with the cheese.

Spreading Awareness and Support:

– National Parmigiano Reggiano Day has grown in popularity through the power of social media and the participation of food enthusiasts worldwide. – People from all walks of life share their love for Parmigiano Reggiano by posting pictures, recipes, and stories using the hashtag #ParmigianoReggianoDay.

– This movement not only celebrates the cheese but also raises awareness about the challenges faced by the producers and the importance of supporting local artisans.

Parmigiano Reggiano

Production process and ingredients of Parmigiano Reggiano

Cheese-Making Craftsmanship:

– Parmigiano Reggiano is made following a meticulous and time-honored process. – Only raw milk from cows that are fed with local forage is used, ensuring the highest quality and flavor.

– The milk undergoes a natural coagulation process, aided by the addition of calf rennet. Aging to Perfection:

– Once the curds form, they are cut into small granules and heated to release the whey.

– The curds are then molded into traditional round shapes and placed in a brine bath for several weeks to absorb the salt. – The cheese is carefully aged for a minimum of 12 months, but some wheels are aged for up to 36 months, developing complex flavors and a crumbly texture.

Historical and cultural significance of Parmigiano Reggiano

A Taste of History:

– Parmigiano Reggiano has been intertwined with Italian history and culture for nearly a millennium. – It was highly prized by nobility and clergy during the Renaissance and was even used as currency in some regions.

– The cheese also gained popularity amongst travelers, who recognized its nutritional value and long shelf life during their journeys. A Symbol of Tradition:

– Parmigiano Reggiano is not just a cheese; it represents the traditions and values of the Emilia-Romagna region.

– The production method has remained almost unchanged for centuries, with strict regulations governing every aspect of the process. – This commitment to tradition ensures that every wheel of Parmigiano Reggiano is a testament to the craftsmanship and expertise of the local cheese makers.


National Parmigiano Reggiano Day serves as a reminder of the rich history, cultural significance, and exceptional quality of this celebrated Italian cheese. From its origins in monasteries to its rise in popularity around the world, Parmigiano Reggiano continues to captivate cheese lovers with its unparalleled flavor and texture.

Through events and social media engagement, this annual celebration not only showcases the cheese itself but also supports the dedicated producers who strive to maintain the traditional methods and ensure the continued success of Parmigiano Reggiano for generations to come. So, on National Parmigiano Reggiano Day, let’s raise a glass of wine and indulge in the king of cheeses, honoring its legacy and savoring each bite.

Timeline of significant events in the history of Parmigiano Reggiano

Notarial Deed and Wheel Size:

– The history of Parmigiano Reggiano begins in the 13th century, with the earliest notarial deed mentioning the cheese dating back to 1254. – The tradition of producing Parmigiano Reggiano has remained remarkably consistent over the centuries, with only minor modifications.

– One notable change occurred in the 15th century when the size of the cheese wheels was standardized to approximately 38 centimeters in diameter and 24 centimeters in height. This size allowed for easy handling and aging.

Official Declaration and Mark of Origin:

– In 1955, the Consorzio del Formaggio Parmigiano Reggiano, or the Consortium of Parmigiano Reggiano Cheese, was established to protect and promote the cheese. – The consortium developed strict guidelines for the production of Parmigiano Reggiano, ensuring that the cheese was made using traditional methods and high-quality ingredients.

– In 1996, the European Union granted Parmigiano Reggiano the status of a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO), officially recognizing it as a unique and authentic product of the Emilia-Romagna region. – The PDO mark, a crown and the text “Parmigiano Reggiano,” is stamped onto every wheel of cheese, guaranteeing its authenticity and origin.

Foundation of National Parmigiano Reggiano Day

The Devastating Earthquakes:

– On May 20th and 29th, 2012, the Emilia-Romagna region was struck by two powerful earthquakes, causing widespread devastation and loss. – The earthquakes not only damaged buildings and infrastructure but also disrupted the production of Parmigiano Reggiano and put the livelihoods of cheesemakers at risk.

Massimo Bottura’s Initiative:

– Massimo Bottura, renowned chef and owner of the three-Michelin-starred restaurant Osteria Francescana, was deeply affected by the earthquakes’ impact on Parmigiano Reggiano production. – Bottura turned to his social media following, which included a vast number of food enthusiasts and professionals, to raise awareness about the situation.

– In June 2012, Bottura proposed the idea of dedicating a day to celebrate Parmigiano Reggiano, utilizing social media as a platform to spread the word. Cheese Production, Awareness, and Support:

– The response to Bottura’s initiative was overwhelming, with people from all over the world joining in to show their support for Parmigiano Reggiano producers and the earthquake-affected region.

– National Parmigiano Reggiano Day was officially established on November 22nd, coinciding with the anniversary of the 2012 earthquakes. – Through this celebration, the aim was not only to honor the cheese itself but also to spread awareness about the challenges faced by the producers and the importance of supporting local artisans.

Getting creative with Parmigiano Reggiano

Cooking with Parmigiano Reggiano:

– Parmigiano Reggiano’s versatile flavor profile and unique texture lend themselves well to a wide range of dishes. – From pasta and risottos to salads and soups, there are countless ways to incorporate Parmigiano Reggiano into your favorite recipes.

– Grating Parmigiano Reggiano on top of a dish adds a savory and nutty taste, while melting it enhances the creamy richness of the dish. Recipe Ideas:

– Try making a classic dish like spaghetti alla carbonara and finish it off by grating Parmigiano Reggiano on top to add a sharp, salty twist.

– For a lighter and refreshing option, toss together a salad of arugula, pear slices, and shaved Parmigiano Reggiano, and drizzle it with balsamic vinaigrette. – Or, for a unique appetizer, serve thinly sliced prosciutto, wrapped around chunks of Parmigiano Reggiano, and garnish with fresh basil.

Learning fun facts about Parmigiano Reggiano

A Protected Term:

– Parmigiano Reggiano is not just a name; it is a protected term that guarantees the cheese’s authenticity and quality. – To be labeled as Parmigiano Reggiano, the cheese must adhere to specific production guidelines, ensuring it is made in the designated region using specific techniques and ingredients.

Milk Quantity:

– Parmigiano Reggiano is made from a large quantity of milk. In fact, it takes around 550 liters of milk to produce a single wheel of cheese.

– This requirement showcases the dedication and effort put into crafting each wheel and contributes to the cheese’s exceptional flavor and consistency. An Astronaut’s Preference:

– Parmigiano Reggiano is a beloved cheese even in space! Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti requested a special supply of Parmigiano Reggiano during her time on the International Space Station, showing that the cheese’s reputation extends beyond Earth.

Aging Flavors:

– The aging process is what gives Parmigiano Reggiano its distinct and rich flavor. – Younger cheese, aged for 12-18 months, has a mild and slightly sweet flavor, while older cheese, aged for over 24 months, develops a more intense and complex taste.

Experimenting with Riso Cacio e Pepe

Massimo Bottura’s Recipe:

– One delicious way to celebrate National Parmigiano Reggiano Day is by trying Massimo Bottura’s unique twist on a classic Italian dish: Riso Cacio e Pepe. – This recipe combines the flavors of creamy risotto with the cheesy goodness of Cacio e Pepe pasta.


– Arborio rice

– Parmigiano Reggiano

– Pecorino Romano

– Black pepper

– Vegetable broth

– Butter

Cooking Process:

1. Melt the butter in a large pan and add the Arborio rice, stirring until it turns translucent.

2. Gradually add vegetable broth, stirring continuously until the rice is cooked.

3. Grate Parmigiano Reggiano and Pecorino Romano and combine them with black pepper.

4. Once the rice is cooked, remove it from the heat and stir in the cheese mixture until well incorporated.

5. Let the risotto sit for a few minutes before serving to allow the flavors to meld together.

Visiting the Parmigiano Reggiano region

Traveling to Emilia-Romagna:

– For true Parmigiano Reggiano enthusiasts, a visit to the Emilia-Romagna region is a must. – This picturesque Italian region is home to several cheese-producing dairies and offers visitors the opportunity to witness the entire cheese-making process firsthand.

Dairy Tours and Education:

– Many cheese producers in the region offer guided tours, allowing visitors to learn about the art of Parmigiano Reggiano production. – You can witness the milk being transformed into curds, observe how the wheels are molded, and explore the vast aging rooms where thousands of wheels mature to perfection.

An Immersive Experience:

– Beyond cheese production, the Emilia-Romagna region has much to offer in terms of gastronomy, art, and culture. – Explore historical cities like Parma and Modena, and indulge in the region’s renowned cuisine, including other specialties like prosciutto di Parma and balsamic vinegar.


National Parmigiano Reggiano Day is not just a celebration of an exceptional cheese; it is an opportunity to immerse oneself in the rich history, cultural significance, and diverse culinary possibilities of Parmigiano Reggiano. From its humble beginnings to its establishment as a protected and cherished Italian treasure, Parmigiano Reggiano has captivated people’s taste buds for centuries.

So, whether you enjoy it through cooking, learning fun facts, trying new recipes like Riso Cacio e Pepe, or exploring the Parmigiano Reggiano region in person, embrace this day to celebrate and savor the taste of this beloved cheese. National Parmigiano Reggiano Day is a celebration of the renowned cheese that holds a special place in Italian gastronomy and culture.

The article explores the origins and significance of this annual event, highlighting the history, tradition, and the creation of National Parmigiano Reggiano Day. It delves into the production process, ingredients, and historical importance of Parmigiano Reggiano.

It also provides creative ways to celebrate, such as cooking with the cheese, learning fun facts, trying Massimo Bottura’s Riso Cacio e Pepe recipe, and even visiting the Parmigiano Reggiano region. National Parmigiano Reggiano Day serves as a reminder of the cheese’s rich heritage and the importance of supporting local producers.

So, let us come together to honor the king of cheeses and indulge in its exceptional flavors, appreciating the craftsmanship and tradition that make Parmigiano Reggiano a culinary masterpiece.

Popular Posts